Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis. It is also known as degenerative joint disease (DJD). It affects millions of people worldwide and occurs when the protective cartilage on the ends of your bones wear down over time.
Normally, cartilage covers the ends of each bone where they form a joint, helping the joint to move smoothly. In OA, cartilage breaks down. This breakdown can cause pain, stiffness, and swelling of the joint. OA can affect any joint, but is most common in knees, hips, the lower back, neck, small joints of the fingers and the bases of the thumb and big toe.
Osteoarthritis is more common in women than men, especially after age 50. OA is a chronic (long-term) disease. While there isn’t a cure, several treatment options are available to help manage symptoms.
Osteoarthritis symptoms can usually be effectively managed, although the underlying process cannot be reversed. Staying active, maintaining a healthy weight and other treatments may slow progression of the disease and help improve pain and joint function.
- Loss of flexibility
- Grating sensation
- Bone spurs
- Older age
- Joint injuries
- Certain occupations.
- Bone deformities
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- 24 Aug 2018
- FOSRX/FAST Services