Parkinson’s disease is a movement disorder that occurs when certain brain cells malfunction. It can cause muscle stiffness, shaking, trouble with walking and loss of balance, and these symptoms can worsen over time. Currently, there is no cure for Parkinson’s disease, but certain medications can help to manage symptoms. Parkinson’s disease is a neurodegenerative disorder, which leads to progressive deterioration of motor function due to loss of dopamine producing brain cells. The cause of Parkinson’s Disease is unknown, but researchers speculate that both genetic and environmental factors are involved. Some genes have been linked to the disease.
The primary symptoms usually begin on one side of the body and relate to voluntary and involuntary motor function. Symptoms are usually mild at first and will progress over time. Symptoms vary depending on the patient.
- Primary symptoms include
- impaired balance
- a shuffling gait
- Some secondary symptoms include
- skin problems
- urinary frequency
- slower speech
Most individuals with Parkinson’s disease are diagnosed when they are 60 years old or older, but early-onset Parkinson’s disease also occurs. Malnutrition and weight maintenance is often an issue for people with Parkinson’s disease.
With proper treatment, most individuals with Parkinson’s disease can lead long, productive lives for many years after diagnosis. The life expectancy is about the same as people without the disease.
There is currently no treatment to cure Parkinson’s disease, however several therapies exist that can delay the onset of motor symptoms and to ameliorate motor symptoms by increasing the amount of dopamine in the brain.
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- 07 Dec 2017
- FOSRX/FAST Services