Uveitis is a form of eye inflammation. It affects the middle layer of tissue in the eye wall called the uvea.
Warning signs, including eye redness, blurred vision, or pain often come on suddenly, and rapidly worsen. The condition can affect one or both eyes. It primarily affects people ages 20 to 50, but it may also affect children. Often the cause cannot be identified, but possible causes of uveitis are infection, injury, or an autoimmune or inflammatory disease.
Uveitis can be serious, leading to permanent vision loss. Early diagnosis and treatment are important to prevent the complications of uveitis.
When you visit an eye specialist (ophthalmologist), he or she will likely conduct a complete eye exam and gather a thorough health history. You may also need these tests:
- Blood tests
- Analysis of fluid from the eye
- Photography to evaluate the retinal blood flow (angiography)
- Photography to measure the thickness of the retinal tissue and to determine the presence or absence of fluid in or under the retina.
If uveitis is caused by an underlying condition, treatment will focus on that specific condition. The goal of treatment is to reduce the inflammation in your eye. Several treatment options are available, including:
- Drugs that reduce inflammation
- Drugs that fight bacteria or viruses
- Drugs that affect the immune system or destroy cells
Some of these medications can have serious side effects, such as glaucoma and cataracts. You may need to visit your doctor for follow-up examinations and blood tests every 1 to 3 months.
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- 24 Aug 2018
- FOSRX/FAST Services